Deploying new accounts

Starknet provides the deploy_account transaction in order to deploy new accounts to the network.

Deploy account transaction

In order to deploy a new account on StarkNet you need to complete the following steps:

  • Decide on the account contract that you want to deploy

  • Compute your would-be account address off-chain

  • Send funds to this address

Once the address has enough funds to pay for the deployment, you can then send a deploy_account transaction.

Transaction flow

Upon receiving a deploy_account transaction, the sequencer will:

  • Verify that the address has funds to pay for the deployment

  • Execute the constructor with the given arguments

  • Execute the __validate_deploy__ entry point (See below)

  • Charge fee from the new account address

  • Advance the nonce to 1

Validate deploy

Two issues might arise from sending a deploy_account transaction without any extra validation:

  • Sequencers having the ability to charge arbitrarily high fees, thus potentially draining user funds from a pre-funded account

  • A bad actor having the ability to carry out a sequencer DOS attack by sending multiple, invalid deploy_account transactions. This would result in the sequencer not being compensated for work completed.

To prevent the scenario described in the first point, a new optional validation entrypoint is provided: __validate_deploy__.

To prevent the potential DOS attack from the second point, we introduce some limitations on the constructor and __validate_deploy__ _ executions, namely:

  • Limited # of Cairo steps

  • Limited # of builtin applications

  • No external contract calls (library calls and self-calls are allowed)

This entrypoint should be included in any accounts or contracts that wish to allow this new deployment flow.

Using validate deploy

__validate_deploy__ expects the following arguments:

  • class hash

  • contract address salt

  • constructor arguments - the arguments expected by the contract’s constructor (this will be enforced in the compiler).

In determining the contract address, deployer address 0 will be used.

Consider an account with the following constructor signature:

func constructor{syscall_ptr: felt*, pedersen_ptr: HashBuiltin*, range_check_ptr}(
    _public_key: felt

Then the signature of __validate_deploy__ must be:

func __validate_deploy__{
    syscall_ptr: felt*, pedersen_ptr: HashBuiltin*, range_check_ptr, ecdsa_ptr: SignatureBuiltin*
}(class_hash: felt, contract_address_salt: felt, _public_key: felt)

The transaction hash and max_fee are accessible through the get_tx_info system call.